The Psychological spin

 The psychological spin to the Theory regarding Terrorism or mass murderers


 The theory's application is universal and is meant to be used as a framework to capture a the big picture. The picture can be as simple or complex as the scientist wants it to be but what's important is that the facilitation of communication by different scientists which opens up a dialogue with the ambition of gaining new insight. The parentheses are used to explain the relationships between the micro, macro and global effects on the phenomenon trying to be articulated and how it's influence   can impact at any level on the organism. This example can be used using Beck's model of depression how it's composed of negative views of the   self, present, and future. The theory is it's rudimentary stages but I can use empirical evidence by using attachment theory, by using the psychoanalytic approach, and other scientific models. Please excuse my writing since that is one of my weaknesses but I hope I can get the point across. I would also love some feedback and guidance, also please don't let my religious beliefs overlook the content of the theory. I use it to add sentiment and flavor to the theory so it won't feel so mechanical. Thank you.  

We=(Z((x)+y)) continued in naturalist field studies (Qualitative not Quantitative) and it's universal application.   February 27, 2014 at 8:40am     So, I got some insight how this can be related to our class using the   theory. Picture yourself being a scientific turtle you start with a   question or a hypothesis in your shell then you stick your head out and   explore looking for X, or data to prove or disprove your hypothesis. Then   after collecting data you go into your shell again with one idea or two   and try to connect the dots in your shell R=f(X). You then mediate or   analyze the data and repeat; each time you meditate or connect the dots   you form picture like a parabola in a graph.   You then stick your head out with new questions or adjust your hypothesis   and you look for Y or the reasoning for your data. After that you   generalize the data to form a claim in this case Z and your can repeat the   process all over again or another turtle. It is a three step formulation   WE=(Z((x)+Y)). The whirlpool effect is the totality of your research where   you have formed a center of focus and others can pick up the data and   continue the research. The imagery of the whirlpool is important because   you create a center, the waves or spirals radiates to other researchers   depending on how strong and valid and controversial your findings are.   Did this help you see the theory in its universal application this is   good science. Also the first turtle can come out of the shell when it's   finishes and basque in the sun with pride.How I got inspired is   religiously, which i'll share with you:     Philosophy 1 with my daughter what she taught me: so today we bought a   turtle and she named him turbo middle name David. I love the contrast of   the name. Turbo the potential in the turtle and David as in David and   Goliath. She then asked me a very Deep question: why does the turtle go   inside the shell? I answered her because its scared and it goes inside to   think and it is protected. And once it goes outside when it has meditated   on a question or trying to connect the dots it feels comfortable and it   comes out again. This is how God works! We get scared or have an idea my   thinking is organized chaos. God asks us to pray and seek help when we   feel vulnerable and he will answer when your ready and while your in the   shell or cave he is like always has been protecting you. And obviously I   thought of the prophet Muhammad pbuh and how the Qur'an was revealed to  him. What a great realization. Thank you Amelie for teaching me. Allahu   Akbar.     This is where the theory gets very complex and it's application is used   to describe a psychopathology. Although subject's can share common   variables the outcome might be different and I use the Ying and Yang to   describe the bi potentiality of both scenarios. I use the analogy of   sound waves to create a picture which is similar to how a sonar work's   that trying to create a picture of the bottom of the ocean by sending a   signal and it resonating back with a picture of the floor. Yes it's   complicated but I can use scientific data to prove it's validity.    

WE= (Z((X)+y))   February 23, 2014 at 9:52pm   Formula's and Definitions.   1. We=(z((x)+y))   Z= the subject   x=the target   Y=the reasons   2. R=f(x)   R= Reality: which is subjective but can be mapped such as parabolas in a   quadrant. In psychological terms these are schemas.   F= is a force which means its a way energy collected and feeds within   itself as the believe become stronger.     ((x)+Y) this is a bidirectional formula which feeds off each other   generating energy. Then Z the subject has created a medium of expression   and has different ways to express it. In this case like art ((X)+Y)) is   the medium or clay for the sculpture and Z is the sculpturer.     Finding X: God works like your radio station. You are looking for a signal   so you have control and can change the dial. by changing the dial the   possibilities are endless. But once you find it you turn up the volume you   amplify the sound. Then you take that energy and sing along to it, tap   your foot or your finger and if you are really moved maybe shed a tear or   carry that energy once that song is over. or you can stop and meditate on   that song or keep changing the dial until you find that connection again.   yes music was my religion at one point because it made me feel connected.   God wants us to feel connected.     Whirlpool Effect= it starts with a vacuum a center a bubble which or a   vacancy which radiates synergy. It starts with a center and then the force   pulls it and holds it together in the center. The imagery of it is   important because it can suck up good or bad energy. but when it happens   it can attract other centers which can float around what initiated but it   must first resonate with another cell, yes cells, or atoms I'm now talking   electrons. but that's not my field back to psychology.     The theory starts with two bubbles or centers which are trying to be   congruent. 0 the self 0 the environment. 0 the self / 0 the environment.   What you don't' want is this 00 because that means that you and your   environment do not fit and there's a lot of friction and tension so you   can do this 0/0 which are signs of depression or early signs of a   psychological pathology. The problem starts when you feel you lack   control and feel isolated. Or you can have some congruence, the middle   part in being like a van diagram. This means that the values of your   environment and your values are in some alignment which is a healthy   environment produces a healthy organism.

But what happens when this is not   the case. Emotions are encompassed in a spectrum. In one side you have   depression on the other Mania. what you need to find is your balance.   Mania or happiness or an excited state can have to expressions either to   create or to destroy. Ying and Yang. while in depression you can reflect   on your life and come out ok after or you can stay in that state   collecting all bad energy. On the manic state you can spread happiness   through good deeds and keep building up. But if you are angry you just   want to tear things up. What you are doing basically is building up   energy.     Although we share some variables or characteristic there is absolutely no   certainty of what the outcome might generate from this common traits. This   can be explained like this a mass murder: a loner, has experienced a   recent great loss, is antisocial, wet his bed as a child, had a traumatic   experience on and on. But a lot of people share these traits. One decides   to kill the other one writes a book and is now a millionaire. The   possibilities are endless but what we are trying to capture is a framework   but we will not get the full picture.     What happens with a serial killer is that there's a vacuum an emptiness in   themselves. Which make them feel helpless unsure of themselves the future   and the world or environment. This is because the environment has failed   to meet its expectations of himself and vice versa. Unfortunately this   people are in so much pain or in so much angry that they want to   retaliate. In this case the are tying to preserve their ego by proving a   point that they are worth it. So, the formula goes like this. Z the   subject chooses a target (X) and builds up on by his reasoning or Y. X is   the target a school a teacher a dog whatever. Then Y are the reasons   either because their in pain feel or feel unjustified because they made   fun of him made him feel ostracized from society etc. So What does the   subject want to do spread a message prove a point; he goes out and shoots.   The center of this action is fear and it spread out effecting other   organisms.   When this happens it spreads like a sound or a wave once it is picked up   it either creates fear or can invoke anger sadness etc. But what happens   when two organisms share a common background or variables it has attracted   a connection and you have a copycat effect. With each event increasing its   efficiency or planning etc. Same can be said about suicide. all I'm saying   is this people need help and they realize this too because in the end they   want to be shot down. They notice the exhibition atrocity. They are in   pain and they want to be stopped. But this is super rare thus its a   phenomenon.     What's important is to let this energy be released therapeutically through   art or any other form. Although they share common variables they must not   be ashamed to be heard. It is worst to keep those emotions inside and   ruminate and form your world view around that bad energy then to just talk   it out and gain some understanding. I'll Stop here because it is already   too long. ask me questions please since I'm still forming this theory.   Plus this theory has a story and it's related to my conversion to Islam. I   wrote this as a non believer and when I first read the Qur'an. WE or Allah   was everywhere so it resonated but not about the bad but the good of this   formula. This formula can also be used to explain terrorism which is a   facade of Jihad. Which I am totally against it's corruption. Jihad is a   struggle to understand your connection with God to achieve peace and how   to spread it healthy to other organisms and i do welcome other faiths. But   in Qur'an it says do good deeds and that's how you spread it no matter   what or who the person is you have to spread the love. Peace.

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  • commented 2016-11-11 12:16:59 -0800
    Whirlpool Effect: We= z (x+y)
    Realities: R= f (v)
    ​ Z:A “superiority” complex in which the factors can be explained by two means: one using
    Nietzsche Ubermensch which is shown that you can be your own God or by a distress figured
    that goes on a killing spree. This can also be representative by the prophets or the Gods’
    ​ X: A target acquired trough the projection of a wrong or a goal in our value system. This can be
    used by terrorist as well whose goal is to create fear. This can also used to explain God’s
    vengeance on a certain type of people who have been living in sin.
    ​ Y: The causations for the event in the organism’s psyche; the Y is also a link to power but only if
    it resonates in the individual’s personal psyche. The Y factor is the reasons why God will have
    destroy a nation to create a new one.
    WARNING: The whirlpool effect needs more input from religious figures but also input of
    people from a scientific perspective.
    ​ Reality: A function in the emotions of an organism and the perception of an “object: or a
    “supreme object” which is only stable under certain conditions, thus capable of change. The
    output in this system can be good or bad but what are being tested are examples of faith or hope.
    Christians call the following of Jesus Christ as a reality.
    ​ Vacuum: A set of conditions in which the negative pent up energy of an organism is unable to
    communicate or voice an emotion, leading to pathological features in an organism. These
    emotions can be manifested through either depressive symptoms or forms of aggression but it
    starts with isolation of causational factors through the perceived wrong by an external stimuli.
    This vacuum can be attempted to be filled by material things as well. This vacuum can only be
    filled through spiritual realm and a congruence of religious values, as suppose to a material
    Whirlpool Effect.
    ​ Force: The unregulated negative emotions, thoughts, and behaviors of an organism’s systems
    which are not only cyclical in pattern and differ in intensity, but are also intrusive and disruptive
    of regular functions and activities of the organism. The products of the negative emotions are
    self-serving in preserving acquired schemas. The force can also be used to explain our deep
    belief and trust in God. When one looses hope in man he can either turn to himself or turn to
    The octopus: ​The octopus is a representation of the devil that is forever changing as suppose to
    God who is never changing.
    Warning​: this paper is still incomplete and needs more input and effort to be fully realized.
    The purpose of this paper is to further understand the pathologies behind adolescent mass
    murderers and possible interventions. I will also introduce the Whirlpool Effect Theory which
    helps explain the emotions and possible venues of manifestation. The Whirlpool Effect Theory
    is a Psycho-Social-Biological model with the ambition to help an organism acclimate to society
    with meaningful roles. The theory has its premises based on the balance of an organism’s
    system in response to the environment when trying to reach desired goals. I will discuss in
    minor detail the spectrum of emotions of an at risk organism such as: depression, aggression,
    attachment theory, schemas and preventive interventions using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
    Tied into the theory is also a philosophical perspective in the conditions that make up an
    organism’s Reality in relation to emotions.
    Mass Murders Typology:
    In Meloy et al research, he has found that most acts of adolescent mass murders were
    followed after a precipitating catastrophic event, usually in the form a failed love or work. This
    created mental or emotional disturbance in the organism. These emotions are more or less
    Whirlpool Effect.
    descriptors of disillusion or a distortion of the Reality that created a homeostatic balance. In
    Durkheim studies he found that the future is pitilessly blocked and passions violently choked
    (Harper). The violent response could be explained by the work of Novaco on aggression, in
    which a bleak outlook in the future, aggression manifests itself in more volatile ways; especially
    in organisms with suicide ideations. These forces coupled with the perception of being treated
    unfairly (through rejection and humiliation) were major factors in the preceding event (Meloy et
    Freud (1911) hypothesized that mass murders were angry and had dysphonic feelings.
    Thus the perpetrators reacted defensively in response to rejection and humiliation. Meloy et al
    concluded that no matter what the aftermath of the event, the experience of dominance and
    control and mastery were part of the reason for the act. Therefore one can conclude that the loss
    of control and the attempt of an organism to regain control over his environment, serves as a
    preservation of his self image had a role in the event. I will address this phenomenon in more
    detail in the section of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in treating Depression.
    O’toole’s FBI report depicts mass murders with certain characteristics: narcissism,
    bigotry, alienation, poor anger management, fascination with violence, low self-esteem and lack
    of empathy. O’toole’s (2000) FBI report listed behaviors that may be associated with violence:
    low frustration tolerance, poor coping skills, lack of resiliency, failed love
    relationships,‘‘injustice collecting,’’ signs of
    depression, narcissism, alienation, dehumanization of others, lack of empathy,
    exaggerated sense of entitlement, attitude of superiority, exaggerated need for
    attention, externalized blame, masked low self-esteem, anger management problems,
    intolerance, inappropriate humor, seeking to manipulate others, lack of trust,
    a closed social group, change of behavior, rigid opinions, unusual interest in
    sensational violence, fascination with violent entertainment, negative role models,
    and behaviors that appear relevant to carrying out a threat.
    These forces are a threat if they go unregulated and the perpetrators keep feeding on their
    beliefs through the fundamental attribution error creating schemas on how to deal with their
    Whirlpool Effect.
    environment. Most adolescent mass murders are predatory, having violent preoccupations paired
    with warnings or “leakages” to third parties of their violent act (O’toole). Using Andrew
    Goldman as an example of “leaks,” statement such as “you are all going to die” and Mitchell
    Johnson’s, “tomorrow you find out if you live or die” were made before the event. This is
    important since it allows appropriate personnel to take action on such behaviors allowing for
    The Whirlpool Effect and Mass murder
    The Coping Mechanism of Adolescents
    The Whirlpool Effect is descriptor of social phenomenon, but in this paper it will be
    applied it to adolescent mass murders including family annihilators, class avengers, and spree
    killers. The Whirlpool Effect is the conflicting forces of an organism and his goals against the
    means of attaining such goals through the venues created and available in society. The values of
    a society are those of obedience and conformity, while the values of an organism are to be
    autonomous and self-reliance, thus the pursuit of happiness. The lack of congruence in these
    value systems creates a threat in the organism’s psyche. The Whirlpool effect has two venues,
    either one that leads to pathology, or one of an organism’s messages through the conveyance of a
    heinous act.
    When an organism is threatened it reacts in accordance to its learned coping mechanism.
    George Eman Vailliant’s book Adaptation to life (1977) describes a coping mechanism based on
    maturity levels. Level one is pathological such as delusion, denial and distortion. This coping
    mechanism diverts the organism form dealing with reality, while Level two encompasses
    immature defense mechanisms such as fantasy, idealization, and projection. This mechanism can
    lead to depression and is normal in adolescents. Level two is perhaps the most dangerous in
    regard to adolescent mass murders since it accumulates information to justify an act and creates
    the mode and finds the medium of expression. The obsession with violent fictional characters
    (idealization) and trough fantasy play, the organism creates a plot of the event and the method of
    execution of the heinous act. Lastly through projection the organism chooses a target in carrying
    Whirlpool Effect.
    out the message. This type of information is gathered in by two possible venues: an “accelerant”
    where an interest evolves into a fascination or it becomes “suffused” with personal fantasy,
    identity and grandiosity by mimicking idolized violent figures (Meloy et al).
    Considering the first venue of WE, the clash of these forces distorts the vacuum of
    organism. The vacuum is an important concept because it is the root where pathologies are
    derived and schemas are formed. A vacuum is an empty space where information is gathered
    from the environment and stored as schemas, like a vacuum cleaner the organism chooses the
    information that goes in. Schemas can be distorted if new information is presented and the
    organism is unable to make use of it or express it appropriately through catharsis. This can
    disrupt and alter established schemas. If this pent up energy gathers, then the failure to cope
    adequately to the threat prevents a homeostatic or a balance state of mind. This can lead to high
    levels of anxiety, duress and pathology.
    Focusing now on the second venue of WE, the organism’s psyche and force does not lead
    to vacuum but a need to justify the organism’s perceived realities through the heinous act
    committed. This is an attempt to exert control over his environment; it is a self-preservation
    coping mechanism by distorting the realities of society through the heinous act. It is a message
    to society and its failure to deal adequately with the organism either by integrating them in
    society with meaningful roles or addressing the issues of value to the organism. This will be
    further discussed in detail using the equation W= z (x+y) under the factor section. I will now
    address an organism Reality which is relative to the object and its signals. The formations of
    reality are expressed in the function R= f (x).
    Sonar, a Message to Love; Realty and perception:
    Using the analogy of sonar I will now discuss how organisms create a reality, which is a
    validated truth in the perception of life until proven otherwise. A reality is formed objectively
    through the responses and interpretation of our environment. An organism by participating in his
    environment sends out messages which then returns depictions and expectations of his current
    state creating schemas and if needed to readjusting the schemas and itself in relation to the object
    Whirlpool Effect.
    or situation. Through these responses we validate our schemas and create the rules applied to the
    organism’s perception of reality. Through these interactions emotions are created and triggered.
    If negative emotions such as anger go unregulated we form a false image of the world that
    cannot be reshaped unless we find new rules and reinterpret to our reality. This is why mentors
    are crucial for adolescents who are exposed to new material to help the organism interpret the
    information and make use of it adequately. Without the proper presentation of information an
    organisms develops cognitive dissonance when it gathers conflicting information.
    When two organisms share a common reality this emotion goes unregulated, constantly
    feeding and validating themselves, creating the force that could lead to a heinous act. Thus it is
    just as important to validate their “realities” but to also help them further understand how and
    why they exist and to reshape their schemas, thus creating a new reality. This can be achieved
    through Cognitive Behavior Therapy. If anger is involved then Professor Novaco work on Anger
    management would be the best route (Novaco).
    I will now provide an example of a reality by using an example of a breakup. When an
    organism goes through a break up, the organism is trying to reshape his reality by reshaping his
    schemas. This event causes great duress in the organism since it need to reshape different
    dimension of his reality by manipulating the forces pertaining to the sources of joy, compassion,
    empathy, and memory. In the attempt to reshape its reality it sends out messages to regain its
    object of reality (getting back the girl). If it’s the first breakup it can be a fatalistic since it has
    created a disturbance in it system with no prior experience in finding ways to cope. Thus an
    organism can react by either withdrawing itself form the world, hence depression, or it can react
    by its manifestations of anger. In depression the organism is unresponsive to the environment
    that it is in and only gathers information of his schemas feeding its pathology.
    What it is important is that our conveyances of reality are “fluid” like. Therefore they
    can change their shape in response to the environment. So, it is crucial as a therapist to teach the
    organism not to be rigid but to react to its environment accordingly like an octopus. Thus an
    organism must have keen instincts that react to the changing environment to increase its survival.
    It must be able to understand the plasticity of our emotions and to view circumstances not as
    Whirlpool Effect.
    fatalistic but as hardship that if dealt adequately would only make him a better and more
    adaptable organism in turn increasing his survival. This is described as “shape shifting” in
    octopi behavior meaning that we must shape ourselves to our happiness.
    A first break up can be deleterious since with limited experience there is no other reality
    than that of their first love. The psychologist must ascertain that their current situation is not
    fatalistic. That is, if an organism can fall in love once, in time he can again find a new love.
    Even if it is now related to a new object of reality it is still love as his first love, but what has
    changed are merely the circumstances and the rules of love and its properties. Thus an organism
    can only learn from the mistakes from the previous love and can only hope not to make the same
    mistakes again. But the change must first come from the messages we are sending out. Thus
    love will never seize to exist but manifest itself through different objects. Also our schemas
    would create more healthy conditions to our reality.
    Attachment Theory: extension to a Governing System.
    I will now parallel an organism’s attachment or sense of security on its government using
    the works of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. In an ideal society the needs of each organism
    would be satisfied and thus it would produce a secure attachment and a compliant organism. A
    secure attachment develops when a governing system provides venues to fulfill self-autonomy by
    acquiring a desired role. Harper et al found that structural conflict was a mitigating factor for
    adolescent mass murderers. The degree of attachment and emotional involvement, inequality,
    and precipitating crisis along with social-psychological stress-strain expressed in terms of
    frustration, failure and futility and male dominance and control issues appear to be among the
    more prevalent themes. ( Harper et al)
    When desired goals and their venues are blocked, it produces cognitive dissonance in the
    organism thus it copes either by becoming avoidant or an anxious/ambivalent about the
    governing system. Organism with avoidant styles find it difficult to integrate into society and
    create subcultures. In a subculture the organism has a way to express his dissonance and is part
    of a social group that creates checks and balances thus ideas and values are in check. But in an
    Whirlpool Effect.
    anxious/ambivalent attachment, an organism no longer tries to form a bond but withdraws from
    the environment governing system; social network is left to interpret his environment unchecked
    which can be dangerous. In the studies conducted by Meloy of adolescent mass murderers he has
    found that up to seventy percent of adolescents were described as “loners.” (Meloy et al)
    Studies done by Collins and Feeney demonstrated that anxious/avoidant organism react
    the most negatively when receiving negative feedback then securely attached organism
    (Aronson). The negative feedback also creates feelings of anger and disappointment. This
    would also tie in with organisms that are narcissistic and react violently when they are put down.
    A sense of entitlement is associated with the inability to forgive others (Butcher et al). Using the
    studies of Henry Harlow in regards to primary and secondary needs I will now discuss how it is
    crucial for an organism to feel secure and have the nurturance of his environment (Harlow et al).
    This is important because it addresses that organism don’t just need their primary needs to be
    met, but to have support and comfort from their environment which in turn nourishes a
    meaningful role. This could be achieved through community service or volunteering which
    ingrains the interdependence of our environment thereby increasing self-esteem.
    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Treating Depression
    Using Aaron Beck’s Cognitive Behavioral Therapy model I will now address depressive
    symptoms. The symptoms of Depression in adolescent show up as restlessness, grouchiness,
    aggression, withdrawal, problems with family and school, and feelings of wanting
    to leave home or of not being understood and approved of are considered to be more frequent
    (Robert, 1995). Major Depression is diagnosed by the DSM-III-R as experiencing five or more
    symptoms during same 2-week period. With at least one symptom must be either a depressed (or
    irritable) mood or loss of interest or pleasure. With one symptom of (a) changes in weight or
    Whirlpool Effect.
    perhaps failure to make necessary weight gains in adolescent (b) sleep problems © psychomotor
    agitation or retardation fatigue or loss of energy (e) feelings of worthlessness or abnormal
    amounts of guilt (f) diminished ability to think or concentrate or indecisiveness and (g)thoughts
    of death, including repeated suicide ideation or plans for suicide as well as attempts (Roberts et
    While in therapy the therapist should address emotions such as dispensability,
    detachment, self-doubt but most importantly isolation. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has show
    to be very successful when paired with medication in improving such disorders such as
    depression (Beck et al). The force of the emotions and the intensity of those emotions. The
    incongruence of these values (the individual and society) determines if there is a pathology in the
    organism and if so its ability to adapt. So, when a traumatic event happens such as
    unemployment or the inability to attain a goal; the organism has lost the perception of control
    over the environment in which the organism depended on to fulfill its autonomy. It is the loss of
    control and the factors that gave the perception of control that the organism reacts to negatively
    either by escaping or by trying to preserve his self image which fuels the drive and perseverance
    of the organism goals. Thus an organism develops anti-social behavior in which the organism
    feels the environment that has failed to nurture and care for the organism.
    To further understand how pathologies develop in an organism we must consider the
    organism trying to reach homeostatic nature in its natural environment. Given that an organism
    is very adaptable under such circumstances a system either reacts by removing itself from the
    stressor hence depressive symptoms or establishes hostile anti social behavioral attitudes. This is
    all more or less motivational factors for the organism to attain homeostasis. Therefore the best
    approach would be to medicate the organism paired with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. But
    also trying to educate and find coping mechanism to release catharsis and to recognize the
    triggers in their environment. This helps in both ways by boosting self-confidence but also in
    creating a system that is more self-aware of his environment and the ability to remove or fight in
    his desired goals. Thus making a behavior not definitive but situational based will help the
    organism not only retake control of his life, but also enhance his self-esteem. This is supported
    by Borum et al (1999) who state that at “risk” adolescents where contextual (dependent on the
    Whirlpool Effect.
    situation), dynamic ( changeable), and continuous (varying in probability).
    By either removing or fighting against the stressors in life an organism is simply trying to
    preserve the desires of his self-image. The Whirlpool Effect is unique in that it is a descriptor of
    disorders such as depression and anger. It addresses that when the self and the environment are
    incongruent, it creates a Whirlpool effect that is a deregulation of a state of mind that only
    perceives negative emotions such as the self, the world and the future which is self serving to
    pathology. The same goes with aggression therefore professionals should respond by educating
    and providing a balance to the individual. I will now address aggression using Novaco’s
    research and model.
    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Treating Agression
    I’ll address this topic using Raymond W. Novaco’s work on anger. Novaco establishes
    the notion that anger has a semantic, conceptual, and empirical link to psychopathology.
    Novaco ascertains that anger serves to energize, focus, defends, by defending self-worth by
    externalizing blame. In the event of carrying out an attack, it potentiates, thus the organism
    regains temporary control and empowerment. A heinous act is therefore an act of
    fear-suppression and pain-suppression, centering perceived vulnerability or loss of control
    (novaco). In his Anger Control Manuel he addresses this factors and devolops new techniques of
    coping by educating the organism on the triggers.
    The Factors:
    In this section I will discuss the mode of expression used by mass murderers as an
    attempt to identify the different variables behind their acts. This is important by recognizing the
    Whirlpool Effect.
    hostility shared by secondary psychopaths who are reactive to their environment. By addressing
    each variable it allows the therapist to further understand and direct the organism to a less severe
    outcome. The purpose is not to antagonize the individual but to understand and bring acceptance
    to his circumstances and providing adequate means of coping.
    The variables are the components that are additive in creating the desired result. The
    equation is W= z (x+y). The x-factor is the target that is used to carry out the message. The
    y-factor is the causes or reasons behind the act of violence. Lastly the z-factor is the organism
    but also the sense of “superiority” and perception of x and y. To further explain the feeling of
    superiority I will discuss Nietzsche’s Superman (George B. Palmero). The z factor is an
    organism’s nihilist attitude and an attempt to create a permanent mark in society. This type of
    attitudes could be stored in the collective unconsciousness as explained by Carl Jung.
    Nietzsche’s ubermensch is a real individual who creates values which are firmly rooted in
    the everyday changing world; this is someone who, by trusting his own intuitive sense of what is
    good and evil, succeeds better than any other. He argues that only by following his own passions
    and ideology one can improve ourselves and our society. This philosophical point unfortunately
    is very distorted and misinterpreted but its message hence instead of the change coming from the
    organism as it should, the pathological organism tries to change the environment.
    W is the Whirlpool Effect or the heinous act .The center of the whirlpool is characterized
    by vertigo. The way vertigo is defined is interesting, so I will supply two definitions. Vertigo is
    defined as a dizzying sensation of tilting within stable surroundings or of being in tilting or
    spinning surroundings.
    A last stance: the medium of expression and the self-destructive nature of organisms​.
    So what happens when the perception of control is lost? Psychologists speak of fight or
    flight when dealing with stressors, but when an organism is overwhelmed and fails to alleviate
    the stimuli the system has a third option which is to faint. To faint or to lose conscious, thus
    suicide, is perhaps one of the reasons why an organism during the last stance commits suicide.
    Anger and depression are products of lack of control that is lack of autonomy. But when an
    Whirlpool Effect.
    organism’s system is overloaded and fails to alleviate the stressor on the organism either trough
    anger’s potentiating effect or escaping substance abuse. This is supported by Vossekuil et al
    research (2000) who found that nearly three-fourths the organisms had tried to kill themselves,
    made suicidal gestures, or actually tried to kill themselves before the mass murder.
    Anger is expressed towards outwardly because it preserves the ego the ability to fight its
    mitigating circumstances. Again it is the individual exerting control over their life in the most
    extreme way. The way an organism expresses his desire of control could be manifested such as
    violent acts such as the columbine massacre or rape etc in a way to achieve equilibrium by
    preserving the ego. Research has show that self-destructiveness and self-harm exist and that it is
    shown in a cyclical pattern ( Novaco). It is Sadistic in that it involves seeking out opportunities
    to have power over others and inflict pain or death for the sake of getting a thrill from doing so.
    (Million & Davis)
    Concluding Thoughts
    The Whirpool Effect theroy is merley a descriptor of human behavior. In its format it
    addresses issues that are relevant to an organism such as: balance state of mind, in nurturance,
    goals, and self-preservation. Although this work is rather speculative I hope that the reader has
    found value in the concepts described.
    Aronson, Elliot, Wilson D. Timothy and Akert M. Robin. Social Psychology seventh
    edition.Pearson Education Inc.2010.
    Novaco, R.W. (2000). Anger. In G. Fink et al. (ED), Encyclopedia of Stress (pp. 188-195). San
    Diego: Academic Press.
    Novaco, R. W. (2002). Anger and control therapy. In G. Zimmar (Ed.), Encyclopedia of
    Psychotherapy, Volume I (pp. 44-48). New York: Academic Press.
    Whirlpool Effect.
    Roberts E. Robert, Lewinsohn M. Peter, Skeeley R. John. Symptoms of DSM-III-R Major
    Depression in Adolescence: Evidence from an Epidemiological survey. American
    Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (pp. 1608-1617). Housten,
    Harper, Dee Wood and Voigt Lydia. Homicide followed by Suicide: An intergrated Theoretical
    Perspective. Homicide Studies Volume 11. 4. (pp295-318) Sage Publications.
    Meloy Reid J., Hempel G. Anthony, Gray, Thomas B., Mohandie, Kris, Shiva, Andrew, Richards
    Thomas C. A Comparative Analysis of North American Adolescent Mass Murderers.
    Behavioral Science and Law (pp. 291-309) 2004. Wiley Interscience.
    O’Toole, M.E. (2000) The School Shooter: A threat assessment perspective. Quantico, VA:
    Critical Incident Response Group, FBI Academy, National Center for the Analysis of
    Violent Crime.
    Vossekuil, B., M., Fein, R., Borum, R., & Modzeleski,M. (2000) USSS safe school initiative: An
    interim report on the prevention of targeted violence in schools. Washington, DC: US
    secret Service, National Threat Assessment Center
    Meloy, J. R., Hempel, A. G., Mohandie, K., Shiva, A. A., & Gray, T. (2001).
    Offender and offense characteristics of a nonrandom sample of adolescent
    mass murders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent
    Psychiatry, 40, 719-728.
    Langman, P. (2009). Rampage school shooters: A typology. Aggression and
    Violent Behavior, 14, 79-86.
    Novaco W. Raymond. Chapter 27 Anger andPsychopathology. International Handbook
    of Anger Springer Science + Business Media. 2010
    H. F. Harlow, M. K. Harlow, R. O. Dodsworth, G. L. Arling: Proceedings of the American
    Whirlpool Effect.
    Philosophical Society Maternal Behavior of Rhesus Monkeys Deprived of Mothering and
    Peer Associations. American Philosophical Society, Vol. 110, No. 1 (pp.58-66) 1966.
    Palmero, George B. The Beserk Syndrome: A review of mass murder. Agression and violent
    behavior Vol. 2 no. 1. (pp 1-8) Elsevier Science Ltd 1997.
    Vaillant, GE. Adaptation to Life, Boston. Little, Brown, 1977.
    Nietzsche, Friedrich. Thus Spoke Zarathustra. NY. Barnes & Noble Classics. 200
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    Ricardo Manez Tabarez
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